The condition in which abnormal cell growth occurs on the surface of the cervical lining is called cervical dysplasia. It is considered to be a precancerous condition, also termed as ‘Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN). It can be seen among people of any age but, is more common in women under the age of 30.
Cervical dysplasia may not show any symptoms in an affected individual. A routine Pap Test may be required to diagnose the condition. Lack of proper treatment may cause high risk for cervical cancer. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is considered to be the most common cause of cervical dysplasia. HPV passes through sexual intercourse. Apart from Pap Test, additional tests may be required to determine the treatment for cervical dysplasia. It may include:
- Endocervical curettage
- Cone Biopsy
- HPV DNA test
- Colonoscopy etc.
Severity of the condition, age of the patient etc. may influence the kind of treatment chosen. Most common treatments are Cone biopsy and LEEP. Other treatment methods may include:
- Freezing or Cryosurgery
- Electro cauterization
- Traditional Surgery
- Laser Surgery etc.
Risks and complications can be there with all the treatments. The patient can discuss about the associated risks and complications with the doctor prior to the treatment.