Hysterosalpingogram, known as HSG is an X-ray test which is used to look inside of the uterus, fallopian tubes and the area around them. The test is mainly done for infertile women. The test is done for the following reasons:
- In order to check for blockage in the fallopian tube.
- To find problems in the uterus that may cause repeated miscarriages.
- To see if the surgery for tubal ligation was successful or not.
It is important to be prepared for the test. The test should only be done after 2-5days after your menstrual period has ended. This is to make sure that you are not pregnant. The doctor will suggest the test before you ovulate the next month. It is important to inform the doctor whether you have any problems such as pelvic infection, allergy, bleeding problem, history of diabetes or kidney problem etc.
During the test, a contrast material (a dye) will be inserted through a thin tube and put it through the vagina to reach the uterus. The dye will flow into the fallopian tubes as the fallopian tubes are booked together. When the dye passes through the fallopian tubes and uterus, pictures will be taken using a steady beam of X-ray called fluroscopy. The pictures will show if there are injuries or blockages in the fallopian tubes. Abnormal structures will also be shown in the picture. Problems inside the uterus can also be found by hysterosalpingogram.