Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD)

Polycystic Ovary Disease, also known as PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is hormonal disorder commonly seen in women. The condition is characterized with too much androgen hormone production. This causes anovulation. The condition can be associated with obesity and insulin resistance. PCOD affects the following :

  • Fertility
  • Heart
  • Hormones
  • Blood vessels
  • Physical appearance
  • Menstrual Cycle

Hormonal imbalance in women with PCOD will cause the following symptoms:

  • Depression
  • Pelvic pain
  • Acne, oily skin, dandruff
  • Weight gain
  • Irregular menstrual periods
  • Fertility issues
  • Sleep apnea
  • Weight gain etc.

In certain cases, affected women may grow cysts on the ovaries. These cyst may not cause other harm than hormonal imbalances. PCOD can be diagnosed through:

  • Analysing the medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Hormone levels
  • Blood glucose levels
  • Ultrasound etc.

Common treatments suggested for PCOD are:

  • Fertility medications
  • Medicines for hormonal imbalance
  • Medications for diabetes
  • Birth control pills
  • Surgery
  • Maintaining a healthy weight

PCOD can increase the risk for diabetes, high level cholesterol, high BP and heart disease. So, it is good to diagnose and seek treatment as early as one finds associated symptoms.