Sperm is a male reproductive cell which is released during ejaculation. Pregnancy will not be possible without sperms. The procedure of sperm donation involves donating semen to help an individual or the couple in conceiving. The donated sperm will be injected into a woman’s reproductive organs. This is known as intrauterine insemination. The donor’s sperm can also be used for in vitro fertilization. Using the donated sperm is called as third party reproduction. The sperm donor can be either anonymous or familiar to the recipient. The cases where the sperm donor is a known person to the recipient is called ‘Directed Donation’.
Sperm donation can either be paid or unpaid. However, a sperm donor cannot expect a high price for donating his sperm. Usually sperm donation is required if the intended couple face male infertility or the female does not have a male partner and still want to have a child. A person should meet the following criterion to be a sperm donor:
- Age should be within 18 to 39 years (Some may not consider people above 34 years. It may vary according to the hospital’s policies).
- Psychologically healthy enough
- Should qualify in the semen testing
- A person with the presence of a hereditary disease may be disqualified.
- Drug addicts and people with sexual diseases (like HIV) may not be qualified for the donation.
There are no health risks involved in donating the sperm. The procedure of donating the sperm will be done at a sperm bank. The sperm donor will be asked to avoid ejaculation for a few days. The semen sample will be taken in a sterile cup through masturbation. You will be given a private room and required services in a private room. The donated sperm sample will be frozen and kept for at least 180 days. If the collected sperms test negative, after completing all the tests, it will be used for the further procedure.