An abnormal enlargement of a plexus of veins (called pampiniform venous plexus) in the scrotum is known as varicocele. Varicocele surgery or varicocelectomy is a surgical procedure done to correct this condition. The procedure is done on outpatient basis. There are three common approaches used for this surgery-
- Inguinal- Procedure uses groin as the surgical area
- Retroperitoneal- Uses the abdominal area
- Infrainguinal- Area below the groin
There are various other techniques which may be used for varicocele surgery. There can be swelling in the surgical area for a few days after the surgery. This can be minimized by keeping ice packs in the surgical area. Other possible complications are:
Embolization is an alternative method to varicocele surgery.